##  Class files

LaTeX supports many worldwide languages by means of some special packages. In this article is explained how to import and use those packages to create documents in Italian. Contents 1 Introduction 2 Input encoding 3 Font encoding 4 Language-specific packages and commands 5 Hyphenation 6 Further reading  Introduction Italian language has some accentuated words. For this reason the preamble of your document must be modified accordingly to support these characters and some other features. documentclass{article} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage[italian]{babel} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc}   \begin{document}   \tableofcontents   \vspace{2cm} %Add a 2cm space   \begin{abstract} Questo è un breve riassunto dei contenuti del documento scritto in italiano. \end{abstract}   \section{Sezione introduttiva} Questa è la prima sezione, possiamo aggiungere alcuni elementi aggiuntivi e tutto digitato correttamente. Inoltre, se una parola è troppo lunga e deve essere troncato babel cercherà per troncare correttamente a seconda della lingua.   \section{Teoremi Sezione} Questa sezione è quello di vedere cosa succede con i comandi testo definendo   $\lim x = \sin{\theta} + \max \{3.52, 4.22\}$   \end{document} There are two packages in this document related to the encoding and the special characters. These packages will be explained in the next sections. If your are looking for instructions on how to use more than one language in a sinlge document, for instance English and Italian, see the International language support article.   Open an example in ShareLaTeX  Input encoding Modern computer systems allow you to input letters of national alphabets directly from the keyboard. In order to handle a variety of input encodings used for different groups of languages and/or on different computer platforms LaTeX employs the inputenc package to set up input encoding. In this case the package properly displays characters in the Italian alphabet. To use this package add the next line to the preamble of your document: \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} The recommended input encoding is utf-8. You can use other encodings depending on your operating system.   Open an example in ShareLaTeX  Font encoding To proper LaTeX document generation you must also choose a font encoding which has to support specific characters for Italian language, this is accomplished by the fontenc package: \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} Even though the default encoding works well in Italian, using this specific encoding will avoid glitches with some specific characters. The default LaTeX encoding is OT1.   Open an example in ShareLaTeX  Language-specific packages and commands To extended the default LaTeX capabilities, for proper hyphenation and translating the names of the document elements, import the babel package for the Italian language. \usepackage[italian]{babel} As you may see in the example at the introduction, instead of "abstract" and "Contents" the Italian words "Sommario" and "Indice" are used.   Open an example in ShareLaTeX  Hyphenation Sometimes for formatting reasons some words have to be broken up in syllables separated by a - (hyphen) to continue the word in a new line. For example, matematica could become mate-matica. The package babel, whose usage was described in the previous section, usually does a good job breaking up the words correctly, but if this is not the case you can use a couple of commands in your preamble. \usepackage{hyphenat} \hyphenation{mate-mati-ca recu-perare} The first command will import the package hyphenat and the second line is a list of space-separated words with defined hyphenation rules. On the other side, if you want a word not to be broken automatically, use the {\nobreak word} command within your document.   Open an example in ShareLaTeX  Further reading For more information see Supporting modern fonts with XƎLaTeX Typesetting quotations and quotation marks International language support Chinese French German Greek Arabic Japanese Korean Portuguese Russian Spanish The not so short introduction to LaTeX2ε LaTeX/Internationalization on WikiBooks LaTeX/Special_Characters on WikiBooks